Jacob Javits Gifted & Talented Students Education Act

The Jacob Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act (Javits) was first passed by Congress in 1988 as part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and was most recently reauthorized through the Every Student Succeeds Act to support the development of talent in U.S. schools.  The Javits Act, which is the only federal program dedicated specifically to gifted and talented students, does not fund local gifted education programs.  

Funding for Javits Program - Fiscal Year 2017

It is virtually assured that the Javits program will receive $12 million for fiscal year 2017, the same amount of funding as received in 2016.  Both the Senate and House appropriations committees have included the $12 million funding level in their respective bills that fund the departments of Labor/HHS and Education and the individual programs each agency oversees.  The Senate Appropriations Committee approved its bill on June 9.  The House Appropriations Committee is debating its version of the funding bill on July 13, with final passage expected before the end of the week (July 15).  There is still a long way to go in the process as differences in funding levels for numerous individual programs between the two bills must be worked out.  Once that "conference committee" finishes its work, a single version of the bill needs to be approved by the full House and Senate before the bill could go to the President for his signature.  Note that because the Javits program funding level is the same in both bills, the Javits program will not be part of the conference committee negotiations and can be considered "safe."  

Read about the effectiveness of the Javits program.

Background on Javits Act

The purpose of the Jacob Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act is to orchestrate a coordinated program of scientifically based research, demonstration projects, innovative strategies, and similar activities that build and enhance the ability of elementary and secondary schools to meet the special educational needs of gifted and talented students.  

The Javits Act focuses resources on identifying and serving students who are traditionally underrepresented in gifted and talented programs, particularly minority, economically disadvantaged, English language learners, and students with disabilities, to help reduce gaps in achievement and to encourage the establishment of equal educational opportunities for all students.

In addition to the demonstration grants, the Javits program funds a National Research and Development Center for the Education of Gifted and Talented Children and Youth, which conducts a focused program of research that includes an exploratory study, an impact evaluation, and leadership and outreach activities to ensure that the research informs education practice.  The Javits program, like other authorized federal grant programs, must be funded each year by the Congress.